Paediatric OphthalmologyRetinopathy of prematurity treatment

The first few years in your child’s life are important for sound development of eyesight. That’s why we advise that the first eye examination should be done during the first year. Paediatric Ophthalmology is basically the sub-speciality of the ophthalmology which is mainly concerned with various eye diseases, some visual development and also several vision care development in children.


A comprehensive eye check-up for nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, amblyopia, eye movement ability, proper eye alignment, how the eye reacts to changes in light and darkness, and any general eye problems will help understand your child’s eyesight better.


Some of the common paediatric eye disorders seen in children include:

Squint or strabismus


  1. Misalignment of the eyes is a condition called squint or strabismus. It can be congenital or acquired and can be classified based on the direction that eyeball is turned towards.
  2. Convergent squint or esotropia when both eyes are turned inwards
  3. Divergent squint or exotropia eyes are turned outwards




​A child who has squint eyes, also has chances of developing amblyopia.

Amblyopia occurs when the pathways that carry vision messages from the eye to the brain are not strong enough. As a result, the brain favours the other eye. The condition is also known as lazy eye. Amblyopia happens to be the most common cause of vision problems in children.

While squint eyes can be treated by surgery, amblyopia is corrected by patching or occlusion treatment where the strong eye is patched encouraging the lazy eye to focus better.




Cataract is the clouding of the eye. Though cataract usually occurs in old people, it has been found in children as well. Cataract in children may be congenital or result from traumatic eye injuries and are usually treated by surgical procedures.




This is a condition characterized by the rapid involuntary movement of the eyes. This may occur due to a history of squint or can even be present by birth. Studies suggest that 1 in every 1000 children have nystagmus. Nystagmus can be treated by surgery. Botox treatments to paralyze the ocular muscles and optical aids also help.



Retinopathy of prematurity


Commonly seen in premature babies, retinopathy of prematurity is a disorder in the blood vessels of the eyes. The blood vessels of the eyes are not fully developed in premature babies and abnormal growth of blood vessels and scarring of existing vessels occur, leading to retinal detachment. This eventually leads to vision loss.

Early diagnosis of the condition helps deliver effective treatment for the eye disease. Babies suffering from severe retinopathy are treated with cryotherapy to freeze damage of vessels. Laser photocoagulation to seal retinal borders to prevent detachment is another treatment option.

Netra Nidan Eye Hospital and Research Center provides specialized care and expertise for children.

Our services includes : 


  1. Squint Surgeries
  2. Lazy Eye (Amblyopia) Treatment
  3. Cataract Surgery
  4. Retino Care of Prematurity
  5. Colour Vision Tests
  6. Eye Exercises

Quick Contact

Dr. Rakesh Kumar

Netra Nidan Eye Hospital

A/55, Sachivalya Colony, In front of Kendriya Vidyalaya Residential Gate, Kankarbagh, Patna 800020.


Cashless Treatment Available For

  • Star Health Insurance
  • Religare Health Insurance
  • MD India TPA
  • Apollo Munich Health Insurance
  • Heritage Health TPA
  • Cigna TTK Health Insurance
  • Chola MS Health Insurance
  • Bona Venture Health Insurance
  • Universal Sompo Health Insurance
  • Medi Assist TPA
  • Bajaj Allianz
  • BSNL
  • VipulMedcorp TPA